Heresy, and Inquisition in the Medieval
TR 1:25 - 2:40
The authoritative text
prospectus is at http://falcon.arts.cornell.edu/prh3/214/index.html.
is updated periodically.
Be sure to check all details (especially dates for assignments) there!
Tel. 257-3168; Net-ID: firstname.lastname@example.org
Office Hours MG 307 -- Thursday 3-4 pm, and by appointment.
Song of the Cathar Wars
Sibly & Sibly History of the Albigensian Crusade
Sumption Albigensian Crusade
Rosenwein, Short History of the Middle Ages
Wakefield & Evans Heresies
of The High Middle Ages
these are available for purchase through the
Campus Store and elsewhere. They can also be found, along with other
may need for the term paper and reference, on class reserve
“Crusade” and “Inquisition” are
words from the distant past that are still current today. The decades
1200 saw the notion of crusade expand greatly from its earlier use as
against Islam to license, among other things, ideological war against
Christians and, especially, Christian heretics. This seminar focuses on
Albigensian Crusade waged from 1209 against the Cathars of
France, followers of a faith imported from the eastern
“Assiduous and frequent
questioning is indeed
the first key to wisdom…for by doubting we come to investigation (inquisicio!)
and through investigation we grasp the truth.”
(Peter Abelard, Sic et Non, introduction)
Since this is not a FWS, the class will not pivot round detailed writing instruction. (I may be the wrong person for that, anyway, since my native tongue is British English, Britspeak!) I will, however, take up writing points in class, as they arise, and expect to spend time with each of you individually during Office Hours working on the improvement of your writing ability. (See the Course Requirements.) The course premise is that good academic writing (ie history papers) derives from intensive and focused reading and much thought at the paper preparation stage. We shall certainly work on all this in class. You may consult my own Tips on Writing History Papers.
course focuses on Southern France and the
Participation (20%): I
student to attend all meetings and to contribute what s/he can to the
discussions. One useful way is to put good questions to the others.
will focus on your choice of issues.) To aid in this, I will expect
student to write a weekly report (10%) on the
half a page or so, and to submit these to me electronically by Tuesday
These may consist of points that have struck you or just of questions
answered. But they should be written in the clearest and most
English you can muster.
2. Timeline (10%): You should compile a Timeline for your own use and submit it to me by Week VI. You may use any sources for this you find helpful – there are models online as well as in some of the books. But you will want to add to it, flesh it out as you study the subject further. You may if you choose then at the end of the term submit an extended version for extra credit.
3. Term Paper: The term paper (40%) will be due 12 noon, Friday May 4. You will need to think up and formulate the question you wish to write about, discuss and agree it with me by Friday March 9. I want to see and, again, discuss with you an extended outline (10%) of the paper (including a preliminary list of sources) by fRIDAY mARCHMost secondary reading can come from the books in Uris Reserve, but I will offer more specialized suggestions where I can, and Cornell’s excellent libraries still contain printed books, an ancient but as yet unrivalled information resource. You can also search online.
4. Office Hours: I regard
Office Hours as an essential resource
for the class, and expect to see you fairly
often (10%), and well in advance of
any crises. (This should already be evident from item # 3 on the Term
addition to working with me on your paper, you can give me feedback and
any detailed problems which we did not reach in class.
In this course we respect University policies on racial and ethnic discrimination, sexual harassment, assistance to handicapped, visually/hearing impaired students, and rules on religious holidays and plagiarism. You are responsible for familiarizing yourself with the relevant university regulations, and should raise any questions or concerns well in advance of any crises.
PART I: INTRODUCTORY
Skip Knox gives a brief overview of the Albigensian Crusade
Chanson, laisse 1; PVC, ss. 1-4 Study Aids
Jan 30, Feb 1 Introduction and
Chanson, laisses 2-15 (pp. 11-18); PVC, ss. 5-6 + ss. 55-65 (if time)
Sumption chaps. 1-3 Study Aids
III. Feb 6, 8 Heresy to 1215
Innocent III letter on canon 3 (PVC, # F (v), pp. 311-2); PVC, ss. 7-19 on Cathar origins
PART II: THE ALBIGENSIAN CRUSADE
IV. Feb 13, 15 Launching
Chanson, 15-62; Sumption, chaps. 4-5 Study Aids
V. Feb 20, 22 Béziers,
Chanson, 16-22; PVC, ss. 82-91 & pp. 289-94; Caesarius of Heisterbach (.pdf)
Sumption, chap. 6
VI. Feb 27, Mar 1 Crusade, 1209-12 SUBMIT CRUSADE TIMELINES
Chanson, 63-131; Sumption, chaps. 7-9
Statute of Pamiers 1212: PVC, ss. 362-6 & text on pp. 321-9
The hymn "Veni Creator Spiritus" must have been good for morale (cf. Chanson, laisse 114, PVC, s. 226 etc.); there are settings to listen to online.
VII. Mar 6, 8 From Muret to 1224
Chanson, 132-151; Sumption, chaps. 10-13 FRI MAR 9 DEADLINE FOR PAPER TOPIC AND TITLE
Lateran Decree against Heresy
Troubador Culture in Languedoc and the Concept of Paratge
Lateran Decree against Heresy
VIII. Mar 13, 15 Paper Outlines
SPRING BREAK Sat 17-Mon 26 March
IX. Mar 27, 29 Muret:
135-41; PVC, ss. 446-86 and pp. 330-3 (Wm. of Puylaurens)
There is an extra account of the battle (in addition to those listed in PVC, 203-4, n. 5) by King Peter's son in his own Book of Deeds, transl. Smith & Buffery (2003) (Olin DP129. J3513 2003).
Apr 3, 5 Treaty of
Treaty text (.pdf); William Pelhisson (.pdf); Sumption, chap. 1; 1290 Council Ban on Lay Bibles
PART III: INQUISITION AND TORTURE ETC.
Apr 10, 12 The Inquisition and its
Thursday: Video "The Sorceress" from 1:15 pm.
This movie is based (I believe) on the book by Jean-Claude Schmitt, The Holy Greyhound: Guinefort, Healer of Children,
which in turn springs from the text translated at http://falcon.arts.cornell.edu/prh3/262/texts/Guinefort.html.
Peters, Torture, Intro for definition, and pp. 24-39 on legal origins
Edward Peters, Inquisition
(1989) is an
excellent alternative account available online
Pennington "Innocent until
Proven Guilty: The Origins
of a Legal Maxim”, http://faculty.cua.edu/pennington/Law508/InnocentGuilty.htm.
Gui's Inquisitor's Manual from
the 1320s nicely illustrates a more developed stage of the inquisitor's
craft. This link gives you a translation of the part on the
but Janet Shirley has now translated the whole manual.
XII. Apr 17, 19 Expansion of the Inquisition
Hanilton, chaps. 6-7; Peters, Inquisition (1989), chap. 2
XIII. Apr 24, 26 The Question of Torture
Peters, Torture chap. 2 (& perhaps also chap. 1)
St. Augustine; Innocent
IV's Decretal "Ad Extirpanda";
Inquisitiorial Torture session; Various
Confessions from Fournier’s Register (14th cent.)
Some 20th cent. texts pro torture
XIV. May 1, 3 Conclusions:
Modern Apology for the Inquisition: http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/madden200406181026.asp
Paper due 12 noon Friday, May 4
Paper due 12 noon Friday, May 4
STUDY PERIOD Sun-Wed May 6-9
EXAMS Thurs 10 to Friday 18 May